SIBERIAN CAT BREED
This breed may be new to the United States, but it’s far from new to the Asian continent and to Europe. Exactly when and how the Siberian made its way to Siberia (and subsequently to Moscow and St. Petersburg) is not known, but it is theorized that the breed arrived with Russian emigrants. The cats survived and developed into a hardy, longhaired breed able to withstand the unforgiving conditions of the region. The breed then spread throughout Europe, and the Siberian was noted in Harrison Weir’s late nineteenth century book, Our Cats and All About Them, as one of the three longhairs represented at the first cat show held in England in the 1700s.
Breeder Elizabeth Terrell of Baton Rouge, Louisiana, is credited with bringing the Siberian to the American cat fancier. As a Himalayan breeder and aficionado of Russian culture, Terrell responded to a 1988 article in a cat publication asking for breeders willing to donate or trade Himalayans to help establish the breed in Russia. She contacted Nelli Sachuk, a member of St. Petersburg’s Kotofei cat club (pronounced COT-ah-fay), which is a member of the international division of ACFA. Kotofei, named after a fabled Russian character that had the head of a cat, is one of the few Russian cat clubs that extend official pedigrees. Until recently, Russia did not allow citizens to own any kind of household pet, pedigreed or otherwise, because of the housing and food shortage. It wasn’t until 1987 that Kotofei was formed and breeding records started being kept. The first cat show in Moscow was held in 1988.
Terrell sent four Himalayans to Nelli Sachuk and in exchange received three Siberians from Sachuk on June 28, 1990 one male (with the impressive name of Kaliostro Vasenjkovich) and two females (Ofelia Romanova and Naina Romanova).
Before long, the Siberian had captivated Terrell’s heart and pocketbook. She found herself investing thousands of dollars and long hours into obtaining more cats and establishing the Siberian as a recognized breed in America. Other breeders and fanciers joined her and they began the long process of winning association acceptance.
Terrell based the American standard on the Russian standard, adapted to American cat fancy terms, of course. Terrell’s concern about the breed was that getting true stock was difficult and time-consuming, and not every feline called a Siberian was actually pedigreed. Unless the cat is registered with one of the Russian cat clubs, complete with a metruka (certificate of birth), it could be merely one of the domestic mixed breed cats available very inexpensively in the Russian markets. Since it’s become known that Americans will pay hard currency for Siberians, some cats may be misrepresented. Other people, uninformed about the differences between pedigreed and mixed breeds, will represent their cats as Siberians, just as many Americans will call any longhaired cat Persian or Angora. Buying a Siberian from Russia from now on, says Terrell, will be a little like playing Russian roulette.
Terrell has formed an inter-registry breed club called Taiga (pronounced Tie-GAH, named after the Taiga forests of Siberia) to help maintain the breed’s purity and to promote the breed in the cat fancy. While this breed is still rare, fanciers have shown interest and the response has been positive. Full acceptance should be only a matter of time.
Siberians are affectionate cats with a good dose of personality and playfulness. They are amenable to handling, and breeders note that Siberians have a fascination with water, often dropping toys into their water dishes or investigating bathtubs before they’re dry. Siberians seem very intelligent, with the ability to problem-solve to get what they want. Despite their size, they are very agile and are great jumpers, able to leap tall bookcases in a single bound.
The Siberian is one of the largest breeds of domestic cat. Breeders note that Siberian males range between 17 and 26 pounds and the females range between 13 and 17 pounds. As befits a cat that has survived the harsh climate of Siberia, the Siberian possesses a long, thick coat with a full ruff and a tight undercoat that becomes thicker in cold weather. The coat’s oily guard hairs give the coat its classic water resistance. All colors and patterns are accepted except pointed colors, although pointed Siberians exist in Russia and are called Nevsky Masquerades.
- ☆☆☆☆☆☆ Activity
- ☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆ Playfulness
- ☆☆☆☆☆ Need for Attention
- ☆☆☆☆☆☆☆ Affection
- ☆☆☆ Need to Vocalize
- ☆☆☆☆☆ Docility
- ☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆ Intelligence
- ☆☆☆☆☆☆ Independence
- ☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆ Healthiness and Hardiness
- ☆☆☆ Grooming needs
- ☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆ Good with children
- ☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆ Good with other pets
General: The Siberian is a large, strong cat that takes approximately five years to mature. The females may weigh less than the males. They are extremely agile and great leapers. Their muscles are mighty, outstanding, and powerful.
Body: Shape moderately long, substantial; back slightly curved or arched; compact, tight belly and convex torso appear with age; boning large; chest well-rounded; musculature substantial.
Head: Broad, modified wedge with gentle rounded contours; size medium; muzzle rounded; moderately long; top of head flat; forehead slightly curved; cheeks not pronounced; whiskers long.
Ears: Medium large; wide at base with rounded tips; wide set; tilted forward; lynx tipping desirable.
Eyes: Large; almost round; wide set. Color has no relationship to coat color.
Tail: Wide at base, blunt at tip; length medium; even and thick long hairs drape down from top side of tail.
Coat: Length moderately long to long on body; slightly shorter on shoulder blades and part of the chest; oily guard hairs for a water-resistant coat; ruff full.
Color: All colors and patterns with the exception of pointed colors.
Disqualify: Adult cat not having substantial weight; straight profile; narrow or foxlike muzzle; almond-shaped eyes; very long legs.